Sponsors/Funders in Acknowledgments

Contract Sponsor and Number

In JATS or NLM XML export configurations, eXtyles can be set up to provide two Word character styles that support tagging of funding source and award number information for acknowledgment of grant-funded research support. In the following example, the character styles Contract-Sponsor and Contract-Number have been applied to their respective items:

which results in the following XML in the <article-meta> or <book-part-meta> element when exporting to JATS 1.0 or version 3.0 of the NLM Book or Journal Publishing DTD:

<award-group id="sp1">
<funding-source>European Community</funding-source>
<award-id>NATT HEALTH-F3-2008-222965</award-id>
<award-group id="sp2">
<funding-source>UK Medical Research Council</funding-source>
<award-id>U1175 32056</award-id>

and the following XML for the Acknowledgments section:

<p>This work was funded by the 
<funding-source rid="sp1">European Community</funding-source> 
(<award-id rid="sp1">NATT HEALTH-F3-2008-222965</award-id>) 
and the <funding-source rid="sp2">UK Medical Research Council</funding-source>
(programme number <award-id rid="sp2">U1175 32056</award-id>).</p>

According to version 2.3 of the Journal or Book DTD, the following XML is generated in <article-meta> or <book-part-meta>:

<contract-num id="sp1">NATT HEALTH-F3-2008-222965</contract-num>
<contract-num id="sp2">U1175 32056</contract-num>
<contract-sponsor id="sp1">European Community</contract-sponsor>
<contract-sponsor id="sp2">UK Medical Research Council</contract-sponsor>

and the following XML for the Acknowledgments section:

<p>This work was funded by the <contract-sponsor rid="sp1">European Community</contract-sponsor> (<contract-num rid="sp1">NATT HEALTH-F3-2008-222965</contract-num>) and the <contract-sponsor rid="sp2">UK Medical Research Council</contract-sponsor> (programme number <contract-num rid="sp2">U1175 32056</contract-num>).</p>

During export, eXtyles links a funding source with any award numbers that it encounters before the next funding source. This means that if an award number appears before eXtyles has encountered a funding source, it will cause a parsing error. The number must be placed after the funding source to achieve correct linking. eXtyles also supports having multiple award numbers marked for a single funding source.


The eXtyles NLM/JATS export filter also supports FundRef IDs that are placed in funding or acknowledgment paragraphs of the Word file. FundRef is a CrossRef initiative that provides a standardized way to report funding sources for scholarly publications. By including standardized funding information in the publication XML, funders, researchers, and publishers can more easily discover how funds are being used.

While FundRef provides standardization for funding information, FundRef support in XML means you don’t have to include the funder ID in the printed publication; the funder id is hidden under the name of the funding agency.

A combination of Word hyperlink and eXtyles character styles are used to properly set up FundRef IDs in the document. The funder name is converted into a Word hyperlink, where the funder name is the visible text of the link and the FundRef ID is the actual hyperlink. Then, the orange character style "Contract Sponsor" is applied to the hyperlink. In the following example, the text "National Institute of Mental Health" is a hyperlink to the FundRef id "http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000025" and is styled with the "Contract Sponsor" character style:

and the contract numbers are styled with the character style Contract Number.

According to version 1.0 of the JATS DTD, the following XML is generated in <article-meta>:

<funding-source id="sp1">National Institute of Mental Health<named-content content-type="funder-identifier"> http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000025</named-content></funding-source>
<award-id rid="sp1">MH078111</award-id>
<award-id rid="sp1">MH078143</award-id>
<award-id rid="sp1">MH059490</award-id>

and the following XML for the Acknowledgments section:

<p>Acknowledgments: Research funded by <funding-source rid="sp1">National Institute of Mental Health<named-content content-type="funder-identifier">http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000025</named-content></funding-source> (<award-id rid="sp1">MH078111</award-id>, <award-id rid="sp1">MH078143</award-id>, <award-id rid="sp1">MH059490</award-id>).</p>

In version 1.1 of JATS, the XML in <article-meta> is:

<funding-source id="sp1">
<institution>National Institute of Mental Health</institution>
<institution-id institution-id-type="DOI"> http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000025</institution-id>
<award-id rid="sp1">MH078111</award-id>
<award-id rid="sp1">MH078143</award-id>
<award-id rid="sp1">MH059490</award-id>

and similarly the institution-wrap element is used in the funding-source in the acknowledgment.

If your organization is interested in adding FundRef ids to your XML, please contact us at eXtyles-support@inera.com.

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