Reference Lists and Bibliographies

In the context of eXtyles NLM, References are expected to be cited in the text, whereas items in the Bibliography may or may not be cited (e.g., Further Reading). This page describes the styles available for use with bibliographic material.

Reference Head

The Reference Head style is used for the title of a list of bibliographic items, irrespective of whether they are references (i.e., cited in the text) or a bibliography (not required to be cited in the text).

Reference List Introduction

The Reference List Introduction style can be used with either a reference list or a bibliography, for an introductory paragraph of text that puts the bibliographic items in context. Note that the style must only be used before the first of the references; it must not be placed within the list of references. For paragraphs that refer to individual items in the reference list or bibliography, the Reference Annotation style should be used.

References, Bibliography

The difference between the References and Bibliography styles is that eXtyles Citation Matching will warn if an item styled as References is not cited in the text, but it will not warn if an item styled as Bibliography is not cited. Otherwise, the two styles are treated the same by eXtyles processes, including XML export.

If an item styled as Bibliography is cited in the text, eXtyles NLM will still create an id-rid link between the citation and the cited item.

Note that the character styles used within individual items styled as References and Bibliography may be custom-configured, and the precise editorial style used to display bibliographic items in Word may differ from the examples shown below.

Reference Annotation

The Reference Annotation style is used for paragraphs of explanatory text that accompany items in the reference list or bibliography. By default, the annotation paragraphs must appear after the item to which they refer. Note that, if the Reference Annotation style is used, not all items in the reference list or bibliography must be annotated.

Example 1

The following example demonstrates the use of the Reference Head and References paragraph styles. This illustration is an excerpt from the sample document: Sample 1_Math-in-Word.docx

JATS XML Example
<ref-list>
	<title>References</title>
	<ref id="r1">
		<label>1</label>
		<mixed-citation publication-type="standard">ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2015. <italic>JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite</italic>, version 1.1.1. Baltimore, MD: National Information Standards Organization, January 2015. Accessed 14 March 2016. <ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="http://www.niso.org/apps/group_public/download.php/15933/z39_96-2015.pdf">http://www.niso.org/apps/group_public/download.php/15933/z39_96-2015.pdf</ext-link></mixed-citation>
	</ref>
	<ref id="r2">
		<label>2</label>
		<mixed-citation publication-type="journal"><person-group person-group-type="author"><name><surname>Rishi</surname><given-names>T.</given-names></name></person-group> &#x201C;<article-title>LaTeX to ePub</article-title>.&#x201D; <source>TUGboat</source> <volume>32</volume>, <issue>no. 3</issue> (<year>2011</year>): <fpage>266</fpage>&#x2013;<lpage>268</lpage>. Accessed 14 March 2016. <ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="https://www.tug.org/TUGboat/tb32-3/tb102rishi.pdf">https://www.tug.org/TUGboat/tb32-3/tb102rishi.pdf</ext-link></mixed-citation>
	</ref>
	<ref id="r3">
		<label>3</label>
		<mixed-citation publication-type="web">Instituut-Lorentz. Einstein Papers. &#x201C;Einstein&#x2019;s 1914 Typescript.&#x201D; Einstein_1914_04. Accessed 14 March 2016. <ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="https://www.lorentz.leidenuniv.nl/history/Einstein_archive/Einstein_1914_typescript/Pages/Einstein_1914_04.html">https://www.lorentz.leidenuniv.nl/history/Einstein_archive/Einstein_1914_typescript/Pages/Einstein_1914_04.html</ext-link></mixed-citation>
	</ref>
	<ref id="r4">
		<label>4</label>
		<mixed-citation publication-type="book">Wiesner, Jerome B. <italic>Vannevar Bush: 1890-1974</italic>. Washington DC, National Academy of Sciences, 1979. Accessed 23 March 2016. <ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="http://www.nasonline.org/publications/biographical-memoirs/memoir-pdfs/bush-vannevar.pdf">http://www.nasonline.org/publications/biographical-memoirs/memoir-pdfs/bush-vannevar.pdf</ext-link></mixed-citation>
	</ref>
	<ref id="r5">
		<label>5</label>
		<mixed-citation publication-type="other">Vannevar Bush to Charles Dollard [letter], 5 January 1953, private collection.</mixed-citation>
	</ref>
	<ref id="r6">
		<label>6</label>
		<mixed-citation publication-type="journal"><person-group person-group-type="author"><name><surname>Hofmann</surname><given-names>Karl H.</given-names></name><name><surname>Morris</surname><given-names>Sidney A.</given-names></name></person-group>. &#x201C;<article-title>Editors&#x2019; Cut: Managing Scholarly Journals in Mathematics and IT.</article-title>&#x201D; <source>Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology</source> <volume>37</volume>, <issue>no 4</issue> (<year>2005</year>): <fpage>299</fpage>&#x2013;<lpage>309</lpage>. Accessed 14 March 2016. <ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="https://www.acs.org.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/15559/JRPIT37.4.299.pdf">https://www.acs.org.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/15559/JRPIT37.4.299.pdf</ext-link></mixed-citation>
	</ref>
...
</ref-list>

Example 2



The following example demonstrates the use of the Reference Head, Reference List Introduction, Bibliography, and Reference Annotation paragraph styles. This illustration is an excerpt from the sample document: Sample 1_Math-in-Word.docx

JATS XML Example
<ref-list>
	<title>Further Reading</title>
	<p>These publications provide further information about handling math in XML.</p>
	<ref id="r">
		<mixed-citation publication-type="confproc">Bahram, Sina, David MacDonald, and CB Averitt. &#x201C;Enabling Math on the Web, in Word &amp; PDF, Emerging Solutions and Overcoming Issues&#x201D; [draft conference session submission]. Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN), 2015. Accessed 14 March 2016. 
			<ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="http://davidmacd.com/mathml/making-math-accessible-CSUN-2015L.pdf">http://davidmacd.com/mathml/making-math-accessible-CSUN-2015L.pdf</ext-link>
			<annotation>
				<p>This conference paper discusses the history and current status of MathML, solutions and fallbacks.</p>
			</annotation>
		</mixed-citation>
	</ref>
	<ref id="r___1">
		<mixed-citation publication-type="book">
			<person-group person-group-type="author">
				<name>
					<surname>Bazargan</surname>
					<given-names>Kaveh</given-names>
				</name>
			</person-group>. &#x201C;
			<article-title>A Complete End-to-End Publishing System Based on JATS</article-title>.&#x201D; In 
			<source>Journal Article Tag Suite Conference (JATS-Con) Proceedings 2015</source>. 
			<conf-name>Journal Article Tag Suite Conference (JATS-Con)</conf-name>. 
			<conf-loc>Bethesda, MD</conf-loc>
			<person-group person-group-type="author">
				<collab>National Center for Biotechnology Information (US)</collab>
			</person-group>, 
			<year>2015</year>. Accessed 14 March 2016. 
			<ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279828/">http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279828/</ext-link>
			<annotation>
				<p>This paper describes an XML-first workflow for handling math in XML.</p>
			</annotation>
		</mixed-citation>
	</ref>
...
</ref-list>